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    CNC Machine: What You Need To Know About It And Its Components


    Dec 24, 2021

    A CNC machine is widely used in the manufacturing industry in today’s world. Traditional machines such as center lathes, vertical milling machines, shaping machines, routers, etc., which used to be operated by trained engineers, have now been replaced by computer-controlled machines. In principle, a process can be used to control a number of complex machines, from grinding machines and lathes to milling cutters and routers.

    With the help of CNC machining, three-dimensional machining tasks can be easily implemented in a single program block. In CNC programming, a code generator within the numerical system assumes that the mechanisms are error-free. Placement of the machines in a numerical control system is only represented by the series of inputs known as a part program.

    What Are The Components Of A CNC Machine?

    There is a wide range of CNC machining options. Depending on how CNC machining works, various software applications, machines, and machine tools create the desired shape or design.

    Control Console

    The control console is primarily thought of as the brain of a CNC milling machine. The machine operator/controller enters the keyboard’s G-code (required dimensions), which instructs the axis motors to move the cutters and other components.


    The table holds a workpiece in place for the entire duration of the milling process. The workpiece is mainly fixed on the metal/wood / plastic table with T-slots and metal brackets.


    The columns run along the axis to give the milled part the necessary stability.

    Cutting Tool

    A cutting CNC machine is attached to the column. This moves over the axis to give the CNC workpieces the desired shape.


    As the name suggests, a frame provides the machine with a stable hold and maximum stability to withstand the cutting forces.


    Axes play a central role in the CNC. The axes in the CNC milling machine allow a cutting tool/workpiece to be moved to achieve the greatest possible precision.


    The spindle consists of the rotating armature that holds the cutting tool and the motor that drives the entire workpiece.

    Coolant Supply

    The coolant supply tubes are used to cool the rapidly heating metal workpiece and lubricate the cutting tool for smooth movement.

    By James

    James Harrison: James, a supply chain expert, shares industry trends, logistics solutions, and best practices in his insightful blog.